Every year on the first Saturday in December, hundreds of people flood the streets of Farmington, Maine to remember a man most never met.
Chester Greenwood was a grammar school dropout who went on to become a prolific inventor and, during the 1930s, a steady employer. He’s been dead for more than 80 years, but his most enduring legacy may be something he never planned: a celebration of history and community in his honor.
Nothing says Yankee ingenuity like the invention of the wide bottom kettle, the shock absorber, the spark plug and the steel-tooth rake. Those inventions are all credited to Chester Greenwood. But his most famous creation has to be the earmuff. Legend has it that at the age of 15 he was ice skating near his home one day when his ears got very cold.
“He wrapped his head in a bulky scarf and it was itchy and uncomfortable,” said Jane Woodman, the treasurer of the Farmington Historical Society.
“He went home, determined to solve the problem,” she said. “He found some soft wire, farm wire, and made loops to cover his ears and his grandmother then sewed fur to those loops.”
That was the rudimentary basis for what later became known as Greenwood’s “Champion Ear Protectors.” Over the next few years he made improvements to his creation, ditching the wire and making the earmuffs more comfortable. By age 19 he had a patent for them, and within a decade he’d hired nearly a dozen workers who were producing 50,000 of them from a factory in Farmington. It was 1883.
More than a century later, Chester Greenwood Day has become a popular event for residents of Farmington and beyond. There are cookies and crafts for sale, plenty of hot chocolate, a polar bear dip and a festival of trees. But the highlight of the gathering is the Earmuff Parade, which features holiday floats belting out Christmas music and creative displays of Greenwood’s most famous invention.
Bystanders also get into the spirit. Annie Norris of New Sharon crocheted an unusual, custom pair of earmuffs as an homage to her favorite meal: breakfast.
“Like, seven years ago, I crafted these bad boys. We have egg, bacon across the top and toast on this side,” she said.
The egg covers one ear. The toast covers the other. Both are lined with flannel.
“I think there should be zanier earmuffs in the world so I just made my own,” Norris said.
But Ben Millster of Temple likes the convenience of earmuffs. He pulled out an original pair of Chester Greenwoods to show how they fold up and fit in a coat pocket.
“There’s a little notch here, a little opening where they lock,” he said. “It’s ease of folding and then when you take ’em apart, then they lock.”
Greenwood, Millster said, was a pretty smart guy whose factory churned out 400,000 earmuffs in 1937, the year he died. He was also a prohibitionist whose wife, Isabel, was an early suffragette. The two were active in their church and town affairs.
Their great-granddaughter, Sandy Greenwood Thomas of Cumberland, said the couple had a strong sense of community, even when it came to Chester’s inventions.
“He involved the townspeople,” Greenwood said. “They all did piece work. Many people were hired to take piece work home, and so and it put Farmington on the map. But he didn’t do it all by himself, and he knows that. It was a group effort, you know? It takes a village. And Chester believed in that.”
After the parade, friends and relatives gather for a short ceremony to raise the Chester Greenwood flag outside the courthouse.
Clyde Ross has been playing the role of Chester since 1986. He said what he admires most about Chester Greenwood is his problem-solving ability.
“Particularly, if a local farmer or a woodsman or someone had a problem, there was a challenge to find a way to take care of that,” Ross said. “And that was it. That’s what I liked about him.”
Greenwood also ran a bicycle shop, owned a telephone and telegraph business, and sold boilers. The earmuff factory closed during World War II, but the town continues to embrace its special identity as the Earmuff Capital of the World, and to give residents like 12-year-old Trent Beaudoin a reason to put on their own muffs and come together one day each year for fun.
“I’ve never missed a Chester Greenwood parade, ever since I’ve been born,” Beaudoin said. And, “I’ll try not to. I’ll try not to.”
This article appears through a media partnership with Maine Public.