Don’t let summer heat harm your dog

Greyhounds run during a May 2012 playdate. While the temperature outside was in the high 60s, the combination of excitement, heat, and overexertion caused my hound Laura (second to right) to experience a heat-related medical condition.
Debra Bell
Greyhounds run during a May 2012 playdate. While the temperature outside was in the high 60s, the combination of excitement, heat, and overexertion caused my hound Laura (second to right) to experience a heat-related medical condition.
Posted June 21, 2012, at 9:05 a.m.

This summer, ensure that your furry friends have as much fun in the sun as you do. Because pets don’t sweat like we do, it can be tough to decipher what’s just due to overexertion and what’s due to something more dangerous.

Recently, my greyhound Laura and I were at a playdate at Maine Greyhound Placement Service in Augusta with a dozen or more greyhounds. The afternoon was warm, and we released the dogs to have a good romp in an enclosed field. The field they were playing in was four times larger than the yard she normally plays in, and they were having a blast running around the field, challenging each other.

The next thing I knew, she was panting hard (not unusual) and laid down to rest. She got up and ran a little more when the other dogs took off.

Then it started getting weird.

Noticing that she was getting tired, I took her over to an area with dandelions for an impromptu photo. She got back up, but was moving slowly. Someone asked if she was limping. I didn’t see anything wrong. However, it was very unusual.

I decided that it was time to take a bit of a break in the shade, we headed for the shade of a large fir tree. She laid down and was panting hard. She staggered to her feet, turned around in the shade, and laid down with a thud.

At this point, the other owners and I decided it was time to seek help. While someone ran for Louise Sawyer, a vet tech with MGPS, we started wetting Laura with water. We put water on her head and in her armpits and groin area. We loosened her collar and removed the muzzle she wears when she plays with other greyhounds.

Louise showed up and after pouring more water on Laura, one of my friends carried her to the clinic that was on site. In the clinic, the first order was to check her body temperature. It was 105.2 degrees, higher than the temperature of 103 degrees that is normal for it being a warm day.

The next order of business was to start lowering her temperature to the normal range of 102 degrees. We did this by getting Laura on an exam table with a cool wet towel. Louise applied wrapped ice packs to Laura’s groin, armpits, and the base of her skull and applied rubbing alcohol on her feet and neck. For added coverage, Louise gave her IV fluids to replenish her fluids and oxygen to help her breathe easier. Within 15 minutes she was back to “normal” and I was breathing a sigh of relief.

But, had we not been close to a clinic or animal hospital, there were still things I could do to help bring her temperature down while I took her to get help.

Keeping your dog happy and cool

According to Dr. David Cloutier from Veazie Veterinary Clinic in Veazie, warm weather can be tough for dogs. But by paying attention to the signs they’re giving, you can ensure your pup will stay cool in the heat.

Be aware of your dog’s behavior. At the start of the walk, your dog might be walking or running ahead of you, investigating the things around you and acting energetic. As the dog gets hotter, it might start sticking close, lagging behind, and panting. Pet owners should be aware especially of when a dog starts to pant “almost uncontrollably with the tongue swollen and hanging out,” according to Cloutier. At that point, it’s time to find shade.

If your dog begins to experience weakness, stumbling, sitting, or laying down like Laura did, it’s time to find shade, offer cool water, and take a break to let her internal temperature drop.

“Some owners also see bloody diarrhea,” Cloutier said. “Once the dog’s temperature hits 106 or 107, they’re in trouble. And anything over 104 is high.”

Help your dog cool down. The things that we did for Laura are great for any dog that’s overheating or experiencing heat illness issues. Step one is to remove the dog from the action.

“If a dog is in a position where it’s being pushed past beyond its normal level of behavior, or if we are [pushing it], the dog won’t stop on its own. An adult needs to look at the situation and say that this is too much for the dog and we need to stop,” Cloutier said.

If, after the dog has had a chance to catch its breath, it begins behaving normally again, then activity can resume.

Step two is providing the dog with things to help it recover from the heat. This includes cool water, shade, and rest. If you’re at home, icepacks wrapped in paper towels can help bring temps down faster. And rubbing alcohol is a great way to cool down because it evaporates and cools at the same time.

“If the dog becomes normal within 10-15 minutes, it’s probably [doesn’t mean] a trip to the hospital,” Cloutier said. “If it gets worse, it’s time to head in [to a veterinary clinic or hospital].”

Groomed to cool. Good grooming matters when it comes to keeping your pooch cool, Cloutier said. “Most dogs have a dense undercoat, which needs to be groomed out,” he said. That undercoat, when groomed properly, can contribute to proper heat control. This combined with access to fresh, cool water and shade makes summer a happy time for pup.

Other summertime tips for keeping pooch happy and safe

• Avoid pavement or asphalt. These surfaces can be painful for your dog to walk on and can burn their paws. Stick to dirt or grass whenever possible. Prolonged exposure to asphalt and granite can cause blisters to form on the dog’s pads.

“Try to keep the dog off of asphalt as much as possible,” Cloutier said. “It’s like us running barefoot on pavement. It would probably burn.”

• Pack water and travel water bowls. If you’re going on a long walk or out on the town, bring water and a travel bowl with you.

• Avoid the midday sun. Ever remember being told as a child to avoid the sun between between 12 noon and 2 p.m.? The same applies for a dog. The sun is at its highest during those hours and can wreak havoc. Instead, go for excursions after 3 or 4 p.m.

Don’t leave your dog alone in the car. It is dangerous for dogs or cats to be left in a car, even “for a few minutes.” According to RedRover, a Stanford University study showed that on a day where the temperature was 72 degrees outside, the internal temperature of a car climbed to 116 degrees in just one hour. Similar studies show that cracking a window has very little bearing on cooling down the car. Similarly, don’t leave children in a car on a hot day.

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