The late Manning Marable won the Pulitzer Prize for history Monday, honored for a Malcolm X book he worked on for decades, but did not live to see published. Marable, a professor at Columbia University, died last year just as “Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention” was being released. The book was widely praised, although some of Malcolm X’s children objected to the troubled portrait offered of the activist’s marriage to Betty Shabazz. Quiara Alegria Hudes’s play “Water by the Spoonful,” which centers on an Iraq war veteran’s search for meaning, won the Pulitzer for drama. John Lewis Gaddis’ “George F. Kennan: An American Life” won the Pulitzer for biography. “Life on Mars,” by Tracy K. Smith, won the poetry prize. The general nonfiction prize was given to “The Swerve: How the World Became Modern,” Stephen Greenblatt’s telling of the 15th century rediscovery of the Latin poet Lucretius. Kevin Puts’ “Silent Night: Opera in Two Acts” was honored for music. For the first time in 35 years, no fiction prize was given. The Associated Press won a Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting for documenting the New York Police Department’s widespread spying on Muslims, while The Philadelphia Inquirer won in the public service category for its examination of violence in the city’s schools. The Patriot-News in Harrisburg, Pa., and 24-year-old reporter Sara Ganim were honored for local reporting for breaking the Penn State sexual abuse scandal. Another Pulitzer for investigative reporting was awarded to The Seattle Times for a series about accidental methadone overdoses among patients with chronic pain. The Huffington Post received its first Pulitzer, in national reporting, for its look at the suffering endured by American veterans wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan. It is only the second Pulitzer ever awarded for reporting that appeared online only. The New York Times won two prizes, for explanatory and international reporting.