SCARBOROUGH — Southgate Farm in Scarborough, Cumberland County, Maine has been entered in the National Register of Historic Places, according Kirk F. Mohney, Director of the Maine Historic Preservation Commission, in a press release. This designation indicates that the property has been documented, evaluated, and considered worthy of preservation and protection as part of the nation’s cultural heritage.
Southgate Farm is significant as a well-preserved example of a rural New England Federal-style brick farmhouse with later Colonial Revival additions. The house embodies distinctive characteristics of Federal style design in its form, proportions, plan, detailing, and materials.
The original main block features a rectangular footprint (nearly square), low hip roof, and elegant neoclassical ornamentation, all hallmarks of the Federal style. Constructed around 1807 as the home of local attorney Robert Southgate, the property functioned as a gentleman farm for more than a century.
The property is also significant for the circa 1910 Colonial Revival changes, most noticeable in the wraparound porch. Although three of the older outbuildings on the site have lost integrity, the historic carriage barn remains largely intact and is significant architecturally as an example of early 19th century barn construction.
The property is eligible for National Register listing under Criterion C in the area of architecture and is of local significance. The period of significance is circa 1807 to 1809 and circa 1910, when the house and carriage barn were initially constructed and when major Colonial Revival design changes were made to the house.