What activities do you suggest to someone who’s not outdoorsy but wants to be?
— Aspiring Outdoor Person

Dear Aspiring Outdoor Person:

First of all, I think it’s great that you or someone you know is looking to spend more time outdoors. I’m a big believer in the benefits of fresh air and making connections with the natural world. You (or they) won’t be sorry for taking this step.

Speaking of steps, one of the first activities I’d suggest for a beginner outdoor person is hiking (which is basically just taking lots and lots of steps). Hiking is one of the most accessible outdoor activities. It doesn’t require a lot of skill or special equipment, and there are public trails all over Maine. You’ll never run out of places to go.

To start, I suggest finding some good, comfortable footwear (sneakers or boots) and putting together a backpack. For easy day hikes, all you’ll need is water, snacks, a trail map and a light source, such as a headlamp. If you get serious about it, I’d also suggest carrying a first aid kit and survival gear. The Appalachian Mountain Club provides a great list of suggested hiking gear and apparel at outdoors.org.

Derek Runnells of Dedham walks along a bog bridge on April 15, at Till’s Point Preserve in the town of Penobscot. The preserve’s easy hiking trail features several sections of bog bridges to help hikers over soggy areas of the forest. Credit: Aislinn Sarnacki / BDN

To get started, here’s a list of 11 easy mountain hikes in Maine. But if you’re not keen on walking uphill, no worries. Here’s a list of easy, family-friendly hikes, most of which don’t involve mountains.

And for wheelchair users and people who struggle walking over uneven terrain, Maine is home to many wheelchair-accessible trails. Some of my favorites include the Orono Bog Boardwalk in Bangor and Orono, Ship Harbor Nature Trail in Acadia, and trails at Bog Brook Cove Preserve in Cutler, Quoddy Head State Park in Lubec and Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge in Limestone.

A 0.4-mile wheelchair-accessible gravel path in Bog Brook Cove Preserve spans from a parking area to an outlook on the rocky coast near a cobblestone beach. The 1,770-acre preserve is owned and maintained by the Maine Coast Heritage Trust and is located in Cutler and Trescott Township. Credit: Aislinn Sarnacki / BDN

Another great outdoor activity for beginners is kayaking or canoeing on “quiet water,” which I define as freshwater water without big waves or current. In Maine, that can easily be found at the state’s many ponds, lakes and streams. Quiet water paddling is fairly easy to learn and it’s not as technical or dangerous as sea kayaking or whitewater paddling.

One obvious barrier to paddling is the equipment. Recreational kayaks and canoes can be expensive. You’ll also need a paddle and PFD (personal floatation device). Some outdoor destinations, such as outfitters and campgrounds, rent out this gear. Also, some land trusts and other outdoor organizations host paddling events in which boats, paddles and PDFs are provided. I suggest checking out the event calendar of Hirundo Wildlife Refuge, which is located in Old Town and Alton and leads guided paddling trips for beginners and provides the gear.

For winter, I suggest snowshoeing, which is easy to learn and will warm you up in no time. Snowshoes usually cost between $60 and $200, so they’re a bit of an investment, but they will make outdoor exploration much easier when the ground is covered with multiple layers of snow.

Basically, snowshoes help you stay on top of the snow — for the most part. You’ll still sink a little bit. That can’t be helped. Snowshoeing will require you to pick up your knees and walk with a wider stance, which can be awkward at first, but it’s a great workout, and it’s a whole lot better than simply walking in boots and sinking to your knees in snow (a disaster called “post-holing”). Hiking poles fitted with snow baskets will help you maintain your balance while snowshoeing. They also distribute some of the work to your arms.

For ideas of where to go, check out this list of easy snowshoe spots in Maine, and this post of additional snowshoe spots and winter hiking tips.

Joe Alex, director of Stillwater Montessori School in Old Town, paddles a war canoe on July 18, 2015, on Pushaw Stream during a group paddle in celebration of the 50th anniversary of Hirundo Wildlife Refuge. The event was booked with 60 people paddling six war canoes. Credit: Aislinn Sarnacki / BDN

Lastly, I suggest that you select one thing about nature that you’re excited about. It could be birds or mushrooms or trees, the views from mountaintops or the history of old stone walls and foundations. These things can inspire you to get outside. For me, being active outdoors has always been less about the actual activity (hiking, paddling, snorkeling, etc.) and more about the things I see, hear, smell, taste and feel along the way.

Whatever activity you choose, start small and close to civilization, working your way up to more challenging adventures. One easy way to increase your safety is to rope in a friend or family member to join you. Also, before each outing, tell someone (who cares) exactly where you’re going and when you plan to return. That way, if you don’t turn up, they’ll know where to start looking.

Stay safe, and check for ticks after every outing!

Aislinn Sarnacki

Aislinn Sarnacki is a Maine outdoors writer and the author of three Maine hiking guidebooks including “Family Friendly Hikes in Maine.” Find her on Twitter and Facebook @1minhikegirl. You can also...