October 15, 2019
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Mill abandoning dam on East Grand Lake would be ‘devastating,’ business owner says

Joseph Cyr | Houlton Pioneer Times
Joseph Cyr | Houlton Pioneer Times
Views like this one of Rideout's Lodge in Danforth could be changed if a proposal by Woodland Pulp to surrender its license to operate the Forest City hydroelectric dam on East Grand Lake goes forward.

WESTON, Maine — Early last year, Jason Kreider of Darien, Connecticut, considered buying a camp on East Grand Lake.

He had spent many happy childhood summers on the lake, he said Thursday, and was excited about the possibility of passing on some cherished memories to his three children.

At that time, however, he hadn’t fully understood a significant issue that could impact not only the future of that lake and the surrounding waterways, but also the future of the entire region — a controversial proposal by a Baileyville pulp mill to abandon a dam it owns.

In late 2016, Woodland Pulp asked the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for permission to surrender its license to operate the Forest City hydroelectric dam on East Grand Lake.

The company said the cost of maintaining and operating the dam outweighed the benefit of using the electricity it generated.

But the residents, tourists, camp and business owners in the East Grand Lake area say the move would destroy the economy of the area, and that the dam is crucial to maintaining the water levels.

East Grand Lake is a massive waterbody that lies on the international border between Maine and New Brunswick.

Woodland Pulp officials have said meeting the federal agency’s requirements for operating the dam would cost the company $6 million more than it would make from any power generation during the 30-year life of the dam license, which was renewed in 2015.

“My best friend’s parents had a camp on East Grand,” Kreider said Thursday. “And I was so lucky in that they invited me to visit them for a few weeks every summer starting from when I was about 10-years-old right up until I was a junior or senior in college.”

Kreider said that he wasn’t aware of the controversy over the dam until he started looking into buying a camp himself.

“Certainly, that will impact my decision,” he said. “Because who wants to purchase a camp if the value of it is going to suddenly decrease, or if the water levels in the lake are going to go down?”

Krieider’s remarks are familiar to Wayne Smith, who operates First Settlers Lodge in Weston with his wife, Denise. He said that he fears for the entire local economy if Woodland Pulp is allowed to surrender its license.

“I believe it would be devastating for the camp owners, businesses and those who rely on the lake to make their living,” he said Friday. “So essentially, the entire economic area of this region. So much income that is earned by these gas stations, lodges and guide services comes from the lakes.”

Elbridge Cleaves, a lifelong Weston resident, was one of more than 100 people who attended a rally to save the dam at First Settlers Lodge earlier this month. A member of the Greater East Grand Planning Group, he noted that the region is blessed to have a wealth of natural resources and recreation. He stressed that such gifts can’t afford to be lost.

“That’s our base, our economic base,” he said. “Anything that affects that negatively affects our area negatively.”

In June 2018, the International Joint Commission St. Croix River Watershed Board met in Danforth. Pamela J. Lombard, a hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Maine Water Science Center in Augusta, conducted a study to estimate the unregulated monthly, annual and peak streamflows on the impacted waterways. She told the crowd that the report showed “average monthly lake levels would likely be from 1.8 feet to 5.4 feet lower with the gates of the Forest City dam opened than they have been historically.”

That angered several residents in the crowd, who said that when water levels in East Grand Lake sank in 1969, the lake turned into a muddy waterbody that few could access.

Smith said that he “can imagine anyone who is looking to buy a camp here or who owns a camp here” would be concerned knowing that information.

“I mean, it is awful not knowing what the future of the lake might look like,” he said Friday.

This story was originally published in The County.

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