WASHINGTON — The House of Representatives narrowly approved a bill to repeal Obamacare on Thursday, handing Republican President Donald Trump a victory that could prove short-lived as the health care legislation heads into a likely tough battle in the Senate.
The vote to repeal former President Barack Obama’s signature domestic achievement, which enabled 20 million more Americans to get health insurance, was Trump’s biggest legislative win since he took office in January, putting him on a path to fulfilling one of his key campaign promises as well as a seven-year quest by Republican lawmakers.
With the 217-213 vote, Republicans obtained just enough support to push the legislation through the House, sending it to the Senate for consideration. No Democrats voted for the bill.
The legislation is by no means a sure thing in the Senate, where the Republicans hold a slender 52-seat majority in the 100-seat chamber and where only a few Republican defections could sink it.
Despite holding the White House and controlling both houses of Congress, Republicans have found that overturning Obamacare is politically fraught, in part because of voter fears that many people will lose their health insurance as a result. Republicans have long criticized Obamacare as government overreach.
As Republicans crossed over the vote threshold to pass the bill, Democrats in the House began singing, “Na na na na, hey hey hey, goodbye,” a rowdy suggestion that Republicans will lose seats in the 2018 midterm elections because of their vote.
Within an hour of the vote, Trump celebrated with House lawmakers in the White House Rose Garden.
“I went through two years of campaigning and I’m telling you, no matter where I went, people were suffering so badly with the ravages of Obamacare,” Trump said. “We are going to get this passed through the Senate. I am so confident.”
While the bill’s fate in the Senate is uncertain, its House passage could boost Trump’s hopes of pushing through other big-ticket items on his agenda, such as tax reform.
The failure of two previous efforts on the health care legislation had raised questions about how much Republicans could work together to help Trump fulfill his campaign pledges.
“Anything that they [the Republicans] get done, that they accomplish, popular or unpopular, will show that they have the ability to make progress and to get things done and work together,” said Randy Frederick, vice president trading and derivatives at Charles Schwab in Austin, Texas.
“This puts the idea of tax reform a little bit closer to reality, simply because it’s shown that they have figured out a way to negotiate and work together,” he added.
Obama’s 2010 Affordable Care Act expanded Medicaid, the government insurance program for the poor, provided income-based tax credits to help the poor buy insurance on individual insurance markets set up by the law, and required everyone to buy insurance or pay a penalty.
Republicans have blamed it for driving up health care costs and have argued that it has since failed.
The Republican bill, called the American Health Care Act, would repeal most Obamacare taxes, which paid for the law, roll back the Medicaid expansion and slash the program’s funding, repeal the penalty for not purchasing insurance and replace the law’s tax credits with flat age-based credits.
In a sign of the challenges ahead for the legislation, nearly every major medical group, including the American Medical Association, American Hospital Association and the AARP, strongly opposed the Republican bill. Many said last-minute amendments further eroded protection for the most vulnerable groups, including the sick and elderly.
The treatment of people with pre-existing conditions was one of the central issues in the House debate on the bill and is sure to resurface in the Senate.
Obamacare prevented insurers from charging those with pre-existing conditions higher rates, a common practice before its implementation. It also required them to cover 10 essential health benefits such as maternity care and prescription drugs.
The Republican bill passed on Thursday would allow states to opt out of those provisions. While insurers could not deny people insurance because of pre-existing conditions, they would be allowed to charge them as much as they want.
In an analysis released Thursday, health care consultancy and research firm Avalere Health said the Republican bill would cover only 5 percent of enrollees with pre-existing conditions in the individual insurance markets.
Republicans have argued that their bill would give people more choice and reduce the role of government.
Democrats blasted the bill, saying it would make insurance unaffordable for those who need it most and would leave millions more uninsured. They also accused Republicans of seeking tax cuts for the rich, partly paid for by cutting health benefits.
In a push to pass the bill before members leave on Friday for a week in their home districts, the House voted before the bill was assessed by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, which estimates its cost and effect on insurance rolls.
Republicans have said that the bill will be scored by the CBO and other fixes will be made before the Senate votes.
Health insurers such as Anthem Inc., UnitedHealth Group Inc., Aetna Inc. and Cigna Corp. have faced months of uncertainty over health care’s future. So have hospital companies such as HCA Holdings Inc. and Tenet Healthcare Corp.