Garlic is one of the most widely used and useful ingredients in cooking, so it’s a great choice if you’re looking for a bulb to plant this fall.
Dave Fuller, an agriculture and non-timber forest professional at the UMaine Cooperative Extension, recommends using hardneck garlic, which grows better in colder climates. It has four to eight cloves that are larger than most other types of garlic.
He recommends testing the pH of the soil to get the best yield. (You want the pH to be around 6.5.) After that, add an inch of compost on the section you want to plant, and till the soil.
Then you want to plant a clove pointy-side up. The bigger the clove, the bigger the plant that will grow. Keep that in mind when you’re spacing them as well. Bigger plants will need more space.
Fuller recommends planting them around six inches apart, under two inches of soil. Then top it all with two inches of straw mulch.
You should have garlic ready to go by spring. Then you can start to harvest.