How will the U.S. Supreme Court’s June 26 ruling making same-sex marriage legal in every state affect religious groups?
It makes clear that clergy are not required to perform same-sex marriages. But some conservative religious schools are worried. They may have to allow same-sex relationships or else risk losing their tax-exempt status.
Many religions — the Roman Catholic Church, Orthodox Judaism and Islam, for example — remain firmly opposed to same-sex marriage. But a growing number of religions have changed their positions in the last couple decades, including the Reform and Conservative Jewish movements, the Unitarian Universalist Association and the United Church of Christ.
For some of the largest Protestant denominations, the debate has often been difficult, especially among the United Methodist Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and the Episcopal Church. The ELCA, for instance, permits pastors and their congregations to make their own decisions about whether to perform same-sex marriages.
This graphic from the Pew Research Center breaks down the most recent information about where each major religion stands on same-sex marriage: