The first female prime minister of Britain, the first black president of South Africa and the first woman to buy a seat on the New York Stock Exchange were among the notable deaths of 2013.
Margaret Thatcher, 87, died in April; Nelson Mandela, 95, died this month; and Muriel Siebert, 84, died in August.
The year also included the deaths of politicians Edward Koch, 88, in February, and Hugo Chavez, 58, in March; entertainers James Gandolfini, 51, in June, Marian McPartland, 95, in August and Lou Reed, 71, in October; and athletes Stan Musial, 92, in January, and Ken Norton, 70, in September.
The world of business, finance and investing lost Fred Turner, 80, the former McDonald’s Corp. chief executive officer who introduced Chicken McNuggets, Egg McMuffins and Happy Meals, in January; Martin Zweig, 70, who predicted the 1987 stock- market crash, in February; and Alfred Feld, 98, whose 80 years at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. made him the firm’s longest-serving employee, in November.
Here are some of the year’s notable deaths, with each name linked to a previously published obituary. A cause of death is provided when known.
Patti Page, 85. U.S. pop singer whose 1950s hits included “Tennessee Waltz” and “(How Much Is That) Doggie in the Window?” Died Jan. 1.
Fred Turner, 80. As CEO at McDonald’s Corp., now the world’s largest restaurant company, he introduced Chicken McNuggets, the Egg McMuffin and Happy Meals. Died Jan. 7 of complications from pneumonia.
Pauline Phillips, 94. To millions of U.S. newspaper readers, she was Abigail Van Buren, author of the personal advice column, “Dear Abby.” Died Jan. 16 from Alzheimer’s disease.
Stan Musial, 92. A Hall of Fame outfielder for Major League Baseball’s St. Louis Cardinals, “Stan the Man” was one of the game’s great hitters during the 1940s and 1950s. Died Jan. 19.
Earl Weaver, 82. He was the hot-tempered manager of the Baltimore Orioles baseball team for 17 years, guiding his club to the World Series four times and winning the championship in 1970. Died Jan. 19 of a heart attack.
Michael Winner, 77. The British film director best known for making the first three “Death Wish” action movies, starring Charles Bronson. Died Jan. 21 of liver cancer.
Patty Andrews, 94. Last surviving member of the Andrews Sisters trio, the most popular female vocal group of the first half of the 20th century. Died Jan. 30 in Los Angeles.
Caleb Moore, 25. A Texas-born snowmobile racer who became the sport’s first fatality. Died Jan. 31, one week after crashing at the Winter X Games in Aspen, Colorado.
Edward I. Koch, 88. As New York mayor from 1978 to 1989, he led the city back from the brink of bankruptcy, turning a $1 billion budget deficit into a $500 million surplus in five years. Died Feb. 1 of heart failure.
Edith Lauterbach, 91. Last survivor of a quintet of U.S. women, who in 1945 founded the Air Line Stewardesses Association, the world’s first union for flight attendants. Died Feb. 4.
Mindy McCready, 37. A U.S. country music singer whose hits included “Guys Do It All the Time.” Died Feb. 17 of apparent suicide.
Jerry Buss, 80. After buying the Los Angeles Lakers in 1979, he added marquee stars including Magic Johnson and Kobe Bryant, winning 10 National Basketball Association championships between 1980 and 2010. Died Feb. 18 of kidney failure related to cancer treatment.
Martin Zweig, 70. He predicted the 1987 stock-market crash and wrote books and newsletters that influenced U.S. investors for more than a quarter century. Died Feb. 18.
Paul McIlhenny, 68. He was the fourth generation of his family to lead McIlhenny Co., a maker of Tabasco sauce. Died Feb. 23 of a heart attack at his home in New Orleans.
C. Everett Koop, 96. As U.S. surgeon general from 1981 to 1989, he used his position to educate Americans about the dangers of smoking while pushing the government to take a stronger stand against AIDS. Died Feb. 25.
Van Cliburn, 78. The pianist from Texas, whose triumph as a 23- year-old at the 1958 Tchaikovsky International Piano and Violin Festival in Moscow made him an international star. Died Feb. 27 of bone cancer.
Bruce Reynolds, 81. Mastermind of the 1963 Great Train Robbery in Britain, which brought him fame, fortune and 10 years in prison. Died Feb. 28.
Bonnie Franklin, 69. The actress best known for playing divorced mother Ann Romano in the U.S. television show “One Day at a Time,” which aired from 1975 to 1984. Died March 1 of pancreatic cancer.
Hugo Chavez, 58. President of Venezuela since 1998, who used the country’s oil wealth to help the poor, nationalized corporations and dismissed foes as puppets of U.S. imperialism. Died March 5 of cancer.
John J. Byrne, 80. He led GEICO Corp. from 1976 to 1985 and saved the insurer from bankruptcy, leading Warren Buffett to buy the company and call him “the Babe Ruth of insurance.” Died March 7 of prostate cancer.
Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist, 90. Last survivor of a group of German army officers, who tried unsuccessfully to kill Adolf Hitler. Died March 8.
Harry Reems, 65. The male star of “Deep Throat,” a 1972 U.S. film that brought hardcore pornography to mainstream audiences. Died March 19 in Salt Lake City.
Rise Stevens, 99. New York City-born mezzo-soprano who starred at the Metropolitan Opera in the 1940s and 1950s and was best known for playing the lead role in “Carmen.” Died March 20.
Boris Berezovsky, 67. He was one of the first and best-known oligarchs who accumulated vast wealth and influence in post- Soviet Russia until a falling out with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Died March 23 at his home near London, where he lived in self-imposed exile.
Virgil “Fire” Trucks, 95. Hurled two no-hitters in 1952 for Major League Baseball’s Detroit Tigers. Died March 23.
Anthony Lewis, 85. Former New York Times reporter and columnist, who won two Pulitzer Prizes and transformed coverage of the U.S. Supreme Court. Died March 25 of renal and heart failure.
Jack Pardee, 76. The All-American linebacker at Texas A&M University, who played in the NFL and then coached the league’s Chicago Bears, Washington Redskins and Houston Oilers. Died April 1 of gall bladder cancer.
Margaret Thatcher, 87. The British prime minister from 1979 to 1990, known as the “Iron Lady” for her strong will, who helped end the Cold War and revived Britain’s economy by deregulating financial markets, lowering taxes and privatizing companies. Died April 8 of a stroke in London.
Annette Funicello, 70. She was the most popular of the original Mouseketeers on Walt Disney’s “The Mickey Mouse Club” television show in the 1950s, then had a career as an actress and singer. Died April 8 of complications from multiple sclerosis, in California.
Jonathan Winters, 87. The American stand-up comic, whose improvisational humor, starting in the 1950s, inspired comedians such as Robin Williams and Jim Carrey. Died April 11.
Maria Tallchief, 88. One of the premier U.S. ballerinas of the 20th century, and the wife of choreographer George Balanchine. Died April 11.
Colin Davis, 85. The British-born principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra from 1995 to 2006. Died April 14.
George Beverly Shea, 104. Known as “America’s Beloved Gospel Singer,” he performed before more than 200 million people during six decades with evangelist Billy Graham. Died April 16.
Pat Summerall, 82. The former NFL player, who teamed with John Madden for 21 years to form one of the most popular broadcasting pairings in television history. Died April 16.
Al Neuharth, 89. He built Gannett Co. into the largest U.S. newspaper publisher and created USA Today, which became the country’s biggest-selling daily paper. Died April 19 of complications from a fall.
Richie Havens, 72. The Brooklyn-born folk singer best known as the opening act at the Woodstock music festival in 1969. Died April 22 of a heart attack.
Kathryn Wasserman Davis, 106. She gave her husband about $100,000 in 1947 to open his own investment firm, Shelby Cullom Davis & Co., which was valued at $800 million when he died in 1994. Died April 23.
George Jones, 81. The country-music singer, whose emotion- drenched vocal style earned him more hit records than any other artist. Died April 26 in Nashville, Tenn.
William Cox Jr., 82. The patriarch of the Bancroft clan that for 105 years controlled New York-based Dow Jones & Co., publisher of the Wall Street Journal, who helped persuade the extended family to sell the company to Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp. in 2007. Died on May 1 of complications from diabetes.
Giulio Andreotti, 94. The seven-time Italian prime minister, whose political career embodied the highs and lows of Italian postwar governance. Died May 6.
Joyce Brothers, 85. Armed with a Ph.D. in psychology, she became a pioneer in dispensing advice about love, self-image and sex on U.S. television and radio and syndicated newspaper columns, starting in the late 1950s. Died May 13 of respiratory failure.
Chuck Muncie, 60. A running back for the NFL’s New Orleans Saints and San Diego Chargers who in 1981 set a record for rushing touchdowns in a season and then had his career cut short because of cocaine use. Died May 13 of a heart attack.
Ken Venturi, 82. The American golfer who won the 1964 U.S. Open and spent 35 years as a TV golf analyst. Died May 17 of a spinal infection and pneumonia.
Isabel Benham, 103. Her mastery of U.S. railroad financing in the 1930s made her an influential bond analyst and in 1964 she became the first female partner at R.W. Pressprich & Co., a Wall Street firm. Died May 18.
Ray Manzarek, 74. The keyboardist and songwriter who with Jim Morrison founded The Doors, a 1960s U.S. rock group that sold more than 100 million records. Died May 20 of bile duct cancer.
Chen Xitong, 82. The mayor of Beijing during the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in which hundreds of people were killed. Died June 2 of cancer.
Hugh P. Lowenstein, 82. A managing director of Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette in the 1990s, founder of Shore Capital Ltd. in Bermuda and a director of Bloomberg LP, parent company of Bloomberg News, for more than 15 years. Died June 2.
Frank Lautenberg, 89. The five-term Democratic senator from New Jersey who wrote laws raising the legal drinking age to 21 and banning smoking on domestic airline flights. Died June 3 of complications from viral pneumonia.
Deacon Jones, 74. A Hall of Fame defensive end, who was the NFL’s defensive player of the year in 1967 and 1968 when he played for the Los Angeles Rams. Died June 3.
Esther Williams, 91. The U.S. swimming champion who was best known as a movie actress in aquatic musicals in the 1940s and 1950s. Died June 6.
William L. Clayton, 83. During his 55-year career on Wall Street, he spent almost four decades at E.F. Hutton & Co. and founded Hutton Capital Management. Died June 7 of Parkinson’s disease.
Robert Fogel, 86. The University of Chicago economist, who won a Nobel Prize in 1993 for his historical analysis of how railroads and slavery shaped U.S. economic history. Died June 11.
Miller Barber, 82. A U.S. golfer who made a record 1,297 combined starts on the U.S. PGA and Champions golf tours, winning 35 titles. Died June 11.
Jiroemon Kimura, 116. He was recognized by Guinness World Records as the oldest male in recorded history. Died June 12 in his hometown of Kyotango, in western Japan.
Paul Soros, 87. The Hungarian-born founder of Soros Associates, a New York-based builder of shipping ports, and the older brother of billionaire investor George Soros. Died June 15.
James Gandolfini, 51. The New Jersey-born actor best known for portraying the conflicted mob boss Tony Soprano in the TV series “The Sopranos.” Died June 19 of a heart attack while on vacation in Rome.
Bobby “Blue” Bland, 83. A Tennessee-born singer of Southern blues and ballads in hit singles such as “Turn on Your Love Light,” who was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Died June 23.
Marc Rich, 78. The Belgium-born commodities trader, who in 1983 was indicted for U.S. income tax evasion and racketeering, fled the country and lived as a fugitive until pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 2001. Died June 26 near his home in Switzerland.
William H. Gray III, 71. He was a Democrat from Philadelphia who served six terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, becoming the first black party whip, the No. 3 leadership position. Died July 1 while in London to attend the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
Douglas Engelbart, 88. The U.S. electrical engineer who invented the computer mouse, the design of which was described in a patent filed in 1967 and granted in 1970. Died July 2 of kidney failure.
Masao Yoshida, 58. The plant manager of Japan’s Fukushima nuclear reactor in March 2011, when an earthquake and ensuing tsunami crippled the facility in the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl in eastern Europe. Died July 9 of esophageal cancer.
Amar Bose, 83. An engineer who taught at Massachusetts Institute of Technology for more than four decades, he was best known as the billionaire founder of Bose Corp., an audio technology company specializing in speakers and headphones located in Framingham, Mass. Died July 12.
Cory Monteith, 31. The Canadian-born actor was best known for starring in the hit TV show “Glee.” Died July 13 of a drug overdose.
Herbert Allison Jr., 69. He was the former president of Merrill Lynch & Co., chairman and CEO of TIAA-CREF, CEO of Fannie Mae and led the U.S. government’s bank bailout program. Died July 14.
Helen Thomas, 92. The pioneering female journalist who worked as White House correspondent for United Press International, where she worked for 57 years, and as a columnist for Hearst Newspapers. Died July 20.
Emile Griffith, 75. Former U.S. welterweight and middleweight boxing champion best known for his fatal knockout of Benny Paret in a nationally televised fight in 1962. Died July 23.
Virginia Johnson, 88. One of the key figures in the sexual revolution in postwar America, she conducted groundbreaking research in human sexuality with her collaborator, William Masters. Died July 24.
Lindy Boggs, 97. She spent 18 years in the U.S. House of Representatives, succeeding her husband, Hale Boggs, and worked as a champion for women’s rights. Died July 27.
George “Boomer” Scott, 69. Large, strong and agile, he spent nine of his 14 seasons in Major League Baseball with the Boston Red Sox, playing first base and leading the team to win the American League pennant in 1967. Died July 28.
Peter Flanigan, 90. The former Dillon Read investment banker, who worked as deputy campaign manager for Richard Nixon’s successful 1968 presidential run, then joined the administration as an adviser on business and economic matters. Died July 29.
Berthold Beitz, 99. German industrialist who hid Jews from the Nazis during World War II and then helped rebuild Fried Krupp GmbH, a predecessor of the country’s biggest steelmaker. Died July 30.
Art Donovan, 88. An NFL Hall of Fame defensive tackle who won two championships with the Baltimore Colts in the 1950s. Died Aug. 4.
Karen Black, 74. The U.S. actress best known for her performances in “Five Easy Pieces,” “Easy Rider” and “Nashville.” Died Aug. 8 of cancer.
Eydie Gorme, 84. American pop music singer best known for her 1963 hit “Blame It on the Bossa Nova,” and for nightclub and television performances with her husband, Steve Lawrence. Died Aug. 10.
Elmore Leonard, 87. Known as the “Dickens of Detroit,” Leonard was the best-selling author of crime novels and Westerns, many of which were made into movies, including “Get Shorty” and “Hombre.” Died Aug. 20 of complications from a stroke.
Marian McPartland, 95. The British-born jazz pianist, whose National Public Radio show, in which she interviewed and played with musicians from Benny Goodman to Elvis Costello, was broadcast for more than three decades. Died Aug. 20 at her home in New York.
Julie Harris, 87. The U.S. actress who appeared in 30 Broadway plays and won five Tony awards. Died Aug. 24 of congestive heart failure.
Muriel Siebert, 84. The first woman to buy a seat on the New York Stock Exchange, in 1967, founder of Muriel Siebert & Co., a discount brokerage, and the first female superintendent of banks for New York State. Died Aug. 24 of complications from cancer.
David Frost, 74. The British television interviewer best known for his 1977 interviews with former President Richard Nixon, which became the basis for the 2008 movie “Frost/Nixon.” Died Aug. 31 of a heart attack aboard the Queen Elizabeth cruise ship.
Tommy Morrison, 44. In 1993, he defeated George Foreman to win the World Boxing Organization heavyweight title and appeared in the movie “Rocky V.” Died Sept. 1.
Ray Dolby, 80. He was a U.S. inventor who became a billionaire by designing noise-reduction and surround-sound technologies used in films, movie theaters and home-theater equipment. Died Sept. 12 of leukemia.
Ken Norton, 70. The U.S. boxer who was a former world heavyweight champion and gained fame by breaking Muhammad Ali’s jaw during a match. Died Sept. 18 after suffering a series of strokes.
Hiroshi Yamauchi, 85. The great-grandson of Nintendo Co.’s founder, running the company for 53 years and becoming Japan’s richest person in 2008. Died Sept. 19.
L.C. Greenwood, 67. The four-time NFL Super Bowl champion, who played defensive end on the Pittsburgh Steelers’ defensive line known as the “steel curtain” in the 1970s. Died Sept. 29.
Tom Clancy, 66. The U.S. author of “The Hunt for Red October” and “Patriot Games,” he became one of the world’s best-known writers by infusing espionage thrillers with technical details about military weaponry and intelligence agencies. Died Oct. 1.
Amy Dombroski, 26. The U.S. bicyclist who was a three-time national cyclo-cross champion. Died Oct. 3 when struck by a vehicle while training in Belgium.
Vo Nguyen Giap, 102. The North Vietnamese general whose fighters drove the French out of Vietnam in 1954, then served as commander-in-chief against U.S. forces during the Vietnam War. Died Oct. 4.
Ovadia Yosef, 93. An ultra-Orthodox rabbi who galvanized Israel’s Jews of Middle Eastern and North African descent into a political force with the Shas Party. Died Oct. 7.
Scott Carpenter, 88. The second American to orbit the Earth, he was one of the original seven astronauts in Project Mercury, the first U.S. human spaceflight program. Died Oct. 10 of complications from a stroke.
Hans Riegel, 90. The German billionaire owner of Haribo GmbH, a candy maker started by his father, whose best-known product is the Gummy Bear. Died Oct. 15 of heart failure.
Tom Foley, 84. He was a Democratic congressman from Washington State from 1964 to 1994 and rose to speaker of the House. Died Oct. 18 of pneumonia following a series of strokes.
C.W. “Bill” Young, 82. A U.S. representative from Florida, he was the longest-serving Republican in Congress and an advocate of military spending. Died Oct. 18 of complications following surgery.
Oail “Bum” Phillips, 90. A Texan who spent 12 seasons as a coach in the NFL for the Houston Oilers and New Orleans Saints, pacing the sidelines in cowboy boots, jeans and a Stetson hat. Died Oct. 18.
Lawrence Klein, 93. The U.S. economist who won the 1980 Nobel Prize for developing computer models to help predict global economic trends. Died Oct. 20.
Jamalul Kiram III, 75. A Philippine sultan, who waged an armed struggle for control over Malaysia’s Sabah state, an area rich in natural resources. Died Oct. 20 of kidney disease.
Don James, 80. In 1975, he became the head coach of the University of Washington’s football team, winning a share of the national title in 1991. Died Oct. 20 of pancreatic cancer.
K.S. “Bud” Adams, 90. Owner of the NFL’s Houston Oilers team and its successor, the Tennessee Titans, he helped found the American Football League in 1960. Died Oct. 21.
Anthony Caro, 89. A British sculptor, who created large art objects with heavy steel girders, metal sheets, pipes and scrap metal and was knighted in 1987. Died Oct. 23 of a heart attack.
Paul Reichmann, 83. One of three brothers who built Toronto- based Olympia & York Developments Ltd. in building London’s Canary Wharf and New York’s World Financial Center before it filed for bankruptcy in 1992. Died Oct. 25.
Bill Sharman, 87. He was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame twice, first as a player, in 1976, and then as a coach, in 2004, a feat achieved only by John Wooden and Lenny Wilkens. Died Oct. 25 following a stroke.
Lou Reed, 71. The New York-based rock musician, who co-founded the Velvet Underground and became one of rock music’s most influential artists. Died Oct. 27 of complications from a liver transplant.
Walt Bellamy, 74. A member of the NBA Hall of Fame, he was one of only seven players to score more than 20,000 points and grab more than 14,000 rebounds. Died Nov. 2.
Charlie Trotter, 54. The Chicago-based chef who closed his namesake restaurant in 2012 after a 25-year run in which it won 11 James Beard Foundation Awards. Died Nov. 5.
Clarence “Ace” Parker, 101. Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1972, he played on New York teams in the 1940s, and twice spent the off-season playing baseball with the Philadelphia Athletics. Died Nov. 6.
Manfred Rommel, 84. He served as the former mayor of Stuttgart, Germany, for 22 years and was the son of Erwin Rommel, the German field marshal during World War II. Died Nov. 7 of Parkinson’s disease.
Sally Lloyd, 64. A third-generation banker who started her career in the early 1970s when few women worked on Wall Street and rose to managing director at Smith Barney. Died Nov. 11 of cancer.
John Tavener, 69. The U.K. composer best known for works such as “Song for Athene,” played at the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales. Died Nov. 12.
Todd Christensen, 57. An NFL player from 1979 to 1988, who won two Super Bowl titles with the Oakland Raiders as a tight end and was voted All-Pro four times. Died Nov. 13 of complications from surgery.
Doris Lessing, 94. The British author won the Nobel Prize in literature in 2007 and is best-known for “The Golden Notebook,” a story about an independent-minded woman growing up in Africa. Died Nov. 17.
Michael Weiner, 51. As executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association since 2009, he helped keep labor peace in the sport. Died Nov. 21 of cancer.
Matthew Bucksbaum, 87. The co-founder of General Growth Properties Inc., the second-biggest U.S. owner of shopping malls. Died Nov. 24 of respiratory failure.
Alfred Feld, 98. The longest-serving employee at Goldman Sachs, who joined the firm in 1933 and rose from office boy to private- wealth manager. Died Nov. 25.
Peter W. Kaplan, 59. The former editor of the New York Observer, which under his leadership chronicled the lives of New York’s power elite and ran the column, “Sex and the City,” which inspired a hit television series. Died Nov. 29 of cancer.
Paul Walker, 40. A Hollywood actor best-known for appearing in the “Fast and Furious” action movies. Died Nov. 30 of injuries as a passenger involved in a car crash.
Nelson Mandela, 95. The anti-apartheid freedom fighter, who endured 27 years in prison to become South Africa’s first black president, then united the country and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Died Dec. 5 following a recurring lung infection.
Peter O’Toole, 81. The British actor, who became an international star in 1962 for playing the lead in “Lawrence of Arabia” and received four Golden Globe awards and eight Oscar nominations. Died December 14.
Dennis Busti, 71. He was the CEO of corporate raider Saul Steinberg’s Reliance National Insurance Co., a unit created to handle high-risk insurance coverage for clients such as nuclear- plant operators. Died Dec. 14 at his home in Eastchester, New York.
Joan Fontaine, 96. Born in Tokyo to British parents, the actress spent most of her life in the U.S. and won an Academy Award for best actress for her performance in the 1941 Alfred Hitchcock film “Suspicion,” beating her sister, Olivia de Havilland, for the honor. Died Dec. 15.
Graham Mackay, 64. The former CEO of London-based SABMiller, who built the company into the world’s second-biggest brewer and acquired Australia’s Foster’s Group Ltd. in 2011 and Miller Brewing Co., a U.S. beer maker, in 2002. Died Dec. 18.
Ronnie Biggs, 84. He helped stage Britain’s Great Train Robbery in 1963, escaped from prison and eluded Scotland Yard for 36 years before giving himself up in 2001. Died Dec. 18 after a series of strokes.
Al Goldstein, 77. A Brooklyn-born pornographer who published Screw magazine, hosted a public access cable-TV show in New York during the city’s sleazy days in the 1970s, before Times Square was cleaned up and drawing families to “The Lion King.” Died Dec. 19.
John S.D. Eisenhower, 91. The son of former U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower, he was a brigadier general in the U.S. Army Reserve, wrote books on military history and was appointed ambassador to Belgium by President Richard Nixon in 1969. Died Dec. 21.
Edgar M. Bronfman, 84. The Canadian-born second-generation heir who expanded the Seagram Co. with oil, gas and chemical investments and served as president of the World Jewish Congress from 1981 to 2007. Died Dec. 21 at his home in New York.
Mikhail Kalashnikov, 94. He was the Russian inventor of what would become the world’s most popular assault rifle, the AK-47. Died Dec. 23.
Robert W. Wilson, 87. He founded a New York-based hedge fund, amassed a net worth of about $800 million and gave most of it to charities, primarily conservation groups. Died Dec. 23 of suicide.