Neither Bludgeon the Horse nor his rider, Winsor B. Smith, ever forgot that dark Virginia night when the Confederate spooks came calling.
Born in Bridgton in 1842, Smith joined the 1st Maine Cavalry Regiment’s Co. K in August 1862. He served primarily in Virginia, where after spending eight months on detached duty, he rejoined the regiment at Sulphur Spring in midautumn 1863.
Smith learned that his comrades deployed on picket duty beyond Union lines day and night to watch for Confederate patrols. The Maine cavalrymen considered such duty a dangerous assignment. “The boys told me the rebs had a habit … of stealing men off their [picket] posts in the night … which made me rather nervous,” Smith wrote 14 years later.
“Soon the order came for Co. K to go on picket,” he remembered. When the Co. K troopers rode out before dark, the assigned sergeant counted noses, and “we found our numbers were so small that for night duty the corporal would have to stand post,” Smith said.
Gazing at the corporal’s two stripes sewn on his sleeves, Smith “dreaded for the night to come” because “I had not been on picket for months.”
After Smith had lost his horse at Gettysburg, an infantry quartermaster had assigned him another horse named Bludgeon, an appropriate moniker; “I never could go near him without his stepping on my feet,” Smith recalled.
Soon the sergeant led the Co. K troopers into the autumn dark and left each soldier at an assigned picket post. Silent men and mounts faded into the moonlit fields and forests as the dwindling band of Maine boys rode farther from their lines.
Then “with a wicked look,” the sergeant “left me on what he said was the most dangerous post, and that I was put there because I was a corporal,” Smith described the moment. The sergeant vanished into the night, leaving the nervous Smith and Bludgeon beneath a towering tree to picket a rural crossroad in the middle of nowhere, “a long way from the reserve, and a good half mile from the next picket.”
Smith held his loaded carbine while waiting “to meet what might come” toward him in the Virginia night. Silence reigned until “Bludgeon threw up his head, and gave a yell, and started on the run” toward the Union lines.
Smith battled Bludgeon until he “got back under the roadside tree again,” but the game was up; Bludgeon’s strident neighs had alerted everyone within a few miles where to find horse and rider, and “it was no use to hide now,” Smith admitted.
Confederate cavalrymen and guerrillas — and ghosts — knew where to find him. Someone or something just might come prowling tonight for a human or a horse.
“It was one of those still, moonlit, cloudy nights, when with a good imagination such as I had, the shadows would form whatever object you were most dreading to see,” Smith remembered.
He assessed his surroundings: “Thick oak woods” lay to his left, a cornfield spread “next to me” on the right, and Bludgeon trembled beneath the saddle. Then while looking at the woods “to get my bearings, I heard a rustle in the dry leaves as of a cautious step from tree to tree,” he recalled.
Had a Confederate spook come seeking Yankee blood? Did a ghoul stalk the hapless cavalryman and his frightened mount? More leaves rustled in the evidently windless darkness; suddenly “the horse heard it too, and again bolted for the rear,” Smith recalled.
Forcefully convincing Bludgeon to return to the picket post, Smith repeatedly tapped the horse with “the barrel of my carbine, not gently, between his ears, every time he threw up his head to yell.” Bludgeon knelt after every thumping, “and while he was recovering his senses, I would look at the woods and listen,” Smith wrote.
The spook crept closer; “I could hear the steps coming nearer and nearer; the horse also heard, and we both trembled,” Smith remembered. Closer came the footsteps, the louder pounded the human and equine hearts.
“Then just as I was about to call out ‘Halt!’ there walked out into the moonlight, with a grunt of astonishment, one of those slab-sided Virginia hogs!” Smith exclaimed. He dropped his carbine, and Bludgeon “ran halfway to the reserve before I could get strength to stop him.”
Horse and rider returned to the picket post, where with “my carbine … now in the socket … with both hands and feet I tried to keep that horse there and keep him still,” Smith wrote.
“Looking over the corn, I could see the top of a chimney of a house that stood in the valley beyond,” he recalled. Moments later “several dogs” started barking, “and there was a rush through the corn as if several persons and dogs were running toward me.”
Struggling to control the dancing Bludgeon, Smith wanted to “discharge my carbine and run for the reserve” like a private might do, “but being a corporal, I must stick to my post or die.”
Realizing that he “was a good mark [target] on that horse,” Smith dismounted, took “the bridle on my arm, crept up to the fence,” and peered between the fence rails.
Yikes! His hair likely stood on end as “I saw coming slowly up towards me, between the rows of corn, a man with a gun on his shoulder,” Smith described his terror. “I let him come a little nearer, and taking good aim, I called, ‘Halt! who goes there?’”
The farm dogs had quieted. “Everything was still” except for Bludgeon tugging frantically against the looped reins, and the intruder or specter or whatever it was gave no reply. “I called again, ‘Speak, or I fire!’” Smith exclaimed.
The silent phantom stood watching Smith and Bludgeon in the darkness. One sudden move, and the ghoul could be upon its victims before they could scream.
“I was making sure of my aim and pressing the trigger, when the moon sailed out from behind a cloud, and I saw an old butternut suit of clothes stuck up on stakes and stuffed with straw, to keep the crows out of the corn,” Smith said, and he mopped his brow in relief.
“I realized that even a corporal will sometimes get excited and act foolish,” he admitted.
Sometime the next day, Smith swapped Bludgeon for the horse ridden by Peter Como, another Co. K trooper. Both men deployed on picket duty that night, Smith with a battle-experienced mount, Como with Bludgeon the Scaredy Horse.
Confederate spooks evidently visited Bludgeon again; “as I sat on my post, I could hear the familiar voice of Bludgeon, as Pete tried to keep him on that hill, under a tree, at the corner of that lonesome old graveyard” so well remembered by many 1st Maine troopers, Smith remembered.
Brian Swartz is the BDN special sections editor. An avid Civil War buff, he has extensively explored and photographed Civil War battlefields throughout the South. Swartz may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit his blog at http://maineatwar.bangordailynews.com.