June 25, 2018
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New views of giant asteroid Vesta revealed

By From wire service reports

LOS ANGELES — Scientists are marveling at new views of the massive asteroid Vesta.

NASA’s Dawn spacecraft slipped into orbit around Vesta in July and has been beaming back images of the surface from various altitudes.

Scientists say Vesta’s diverse surface features make it more like a rocky planet than a garden-variety asteroid. They presented their findings Monday at a meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco.

Asteroids are remnants from the birth of the solar system. They provide clues to how the solar system formed.

Dawn will spend a year studying Vesta before cruising onto an even bigger asteroid, Ceres, where it will arrive in 2015.

Scientists: Osteoporosis drug useful for astronauts

TOKYO — A team of researchers has confirmed five astronauts who stayed long term at the International Space Station were able to prevent bone density loss by taking osteoporosis drugs.

The finding is expected to draw attention as something to help astronauts maintain their health when in space for long periods.

Astronauts in a weightless environment usually lose 5 to 7 percent of their bone density in six months even while exercising two hours per day. In the study conducted by researchers of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokushima University and others, five astronauts — including Koichi Wakata and Soichi Noguchi, who stayed in space for 137 days and 163 days, respectively — exercise d daily and took bisphosphonates used to treat osteoporosis once a week during their stay on the ISS. As a result, researchers found almost no bone density loss in the astronauts. The drug is said to sometimes cause upset stomach as a side effect but is considered safe.

NASA spacecraft exploring solar system’s edge

LOS ANGELES — More than three decades after launching, NASA’s workhorse spacecraft is inching closer to leaving the solar system behind.

Currently 11 billion miles away from the sun, Voyager 1 has been exploring the fringes of the solar system since 2004. Scientists said Monday the spacecraft has entered a new region in the solar system that they have dubbed the “stagnation zone.”

Voyager 1 still has a little way to go before it completely exits the solar system and becomes the first man-made probe to cross into interstellar space, or the vast space between stars.

The spacecraft has enough battery power to last until 2020, but scientists think it will reach interstellar space before that — in a matter of several months to years.

Chief scientist Ed Stone of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory said the timing is unclear because no spacecraft has ever ventured this far.

“The journey continues,” Stone told a meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco.

For the past year, Voyager 1 used its instruments to explore the new region. It appeared to be the cosmic doldrums where solar winds streaming out from the sun at 1 million mph have dramatically eased and high-energy particles from outside are seeping in — a sign that Voyager 1 is at the doorstep of interstellar space.

Scientists expect to see several telltale signs when Voyager 1 finally crosses the boundary including a change in the magnetic field direction and the type of wind. Interstellar wind is slower, colder and denser than solar wind.

Even with certain expectations, Stone warned that the milestone won’t be cut-and-dried.

“We will be confused when it first happens,” Stone said.

Voyager 1 and its twin, Voyager 2, were launched in 1977 to tour the outer planets including Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. After their main mission ended, both headed toward interstellar space in opposite directions. Voyager 2 is traveling slower than Voyager 1 and is currently 9 billion away miles from the sun.

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