I am no Vita Sackville-West, nor am I the owner of an exquisite English country manor, such as her fantastic Sissinghurst. But I am an avid gardener, and I am an enthusiastic collector of many kinds of plants. Years ago, on my very first trip to England, I visited Sissinghurst and saw my very first white garden. Conceived by Sackville-West, the English novelist and poet, and now maintained by the National Trust, the White Garden has inspired many of us to think carefully about monotone themes and how to incorporate them into our own backyards and personal landscape designs.
In Bedford, N.Y., right near my back steps, is a walled rectangular space that I have designated my white garden. Taking note of the white-blooming plants in other well-known gardens, such as those at Hidcote Manor Garden in England, and at various friends’ gardens in the United States, I began compiling lists of white-flowering perennials, grouping the plants according to their varying sizes, heights, scents and blooming times.
Before putting anything in the bed, I planted two large weeping katsuratrees in the rear of the garden, flanking the four triple-hung windows in the dining room wall. In the front of the garden, I planted four tree-form white-blooming wisterias, hopeful that they would thrive and add a bit of mid-height interest to the garden. By the way, when the wisterias bloom in May and June, the driveway and entrance are perfumed with an extraordinary sweetness.
A single pyramidal tuteur planted with a robust white clematis adds more height to the center of the garden.
Because of the variety and different textures of the plants, and the fact that the white flowers are visible by day and night, this garden has been a success, and it continues to inspire me as well as my guests.
A FEW OF MY FAVORITE WHITE FLOWERING PLANTS
EXTENDING THE BLOOM
White flowers, including dahlias, `Honorine Jobert’ Japanese anemones and frothy astilbes, brighten the garden and keep the plantings interesting after earlier bloomers fade away. With so many ephemeral flowers, it is important to have shrubs to anchor the changing plantings; swamp azalea (Rhododendron viscosum) is a delightfully fragrant option. Single or semidouble flowered peonies also provide sturdy foliage all summer, and their golden pollen-encrusted stamens stand out very nicely in a sea of white blossoms.
Woody plants frame the white garden and provide a darker background for the pale flowers. Two tall weeping katsuratrees (Cercidiphyllum japonicum `Pendulum’) flank the windows of my formal dining room. Two wisterias (Wisteria floribunda `Shiro Noda’) trained into tree form let me have the dramatic, fragrant flowers of this vigorous vine without having to build a structure to support its rampant growth.
PLAYING WITH SCALE
Dozens of `White Giant’ alliums hover over the huge leaves of Astilboides tabularis. The massive foliage helps to cover the alliums’ withering leaves when the flowers stop blooming. The astilboides produce white flowers that grow up to four feet high in early summer.
Clematis does well trained on an upright tuteur as long as you take into account its specific needs. In my garden, I sited the base of the vine among large-leafed perennials that can provide the shade and cool environment that the clematis roots require for proper growth.
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