May 26, 2018
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The implicate order of snow and seed

Chris Peary | BDN
Chris Peary | BDN
Blue snow in Troy recently.
By Dana Wilde, BDN Staff

After the most recent snowstorm to obliterate life as we know it, my mind was wandering more during the shoveling than it usually does in its efforts to stay awake. Instead of aggravating me, as usual (see “Snow grumbler,” Jan. 17), the snow was fascinating me.

It was blue.

Now, I’ve noticed this before, of course. In between the flakes, so to speak, new snow glows faintly azure. Looking directly at it, you almost can’t see it. Like the zodiacal light, it’s clearer viewed almost remotely in your peripheral vision.

In the snowbank I was building there beside the steps, this blueness was unfolding out of the whole pile in the distant glitter of the low, bright January sun.

You might think this skylike radiance results from the same process that produces the blue sky. In the sky, sunlight bounces off molecules and particles in the air and scatters. Since blue light scatters more than red light, the air is blue, except directly next to the sun. But in a snowbank, the sunlight is bouncing off the surfaces of snowflake crystals, and so most of the light is scattering more or less evenly and striking your eye as snow white. But ice crystals absorb a certain amount of red light, so there’s a bit more blue light angling around, resulting in that azure tinge.

So I was wrong about what process makes snow blue. But then my errant mind

fixated on what was underneath it.

Every summer a tangle of wild madder grows up beside the steps. Its stalks reach up out of a sprawling base with eight-leafed circlets of little leaves. The flowers are tiny and white and spread out in galactic sprays. Right there in front of me, underneath 3 feet of sky-blue snow in 12-degree January cold, was the wild madder waiting for spring.

Wild madder is a bedstraw and an annual, meaning it regenerates itself from a seed every spring. The seed will germinate when three elements — water, oxygen and heat — stir the tiny plant parts inside. Then they’ll unfold into light, which is the fourth element necessary to grow. All seeds, whether they’re bedstraws, hemlocks or grasses, operate the same way.

In one theory of how the physical world works, processes like this are described as being enfolded in the matter. The process is an order enfolded in the seed. In the right conditions, that order unfolds into a plant. In the theory, which was generated by quantum physicist David Bohm, the process is an “implicate order”; the plant itself, which is a very orderly structure of stalks, leaves and flowers despite its wild-looking madderness, is an “explicate order.”

The natural world as we see it is the visible, explicate order of things. The processes that give rise to the natural world are invisible, implicate orders. Within the seed that will become the wild madder plant is an implicate order, common to all plants. Within the blue light that grazes your eye from inside a new snowbank are the quantum properties of electromagnetic energy — an implicate order. Snow crystals themselves grow by the billions according to an implicate order. When the wild madder unfolds this summer, an implicate order inside will convert light into food.

The implicate order is not simply any process you can’t see; it’s an order enfolded into what you can see. The whole universe is an unfoldment of implicate order. “In the implicate order,” Bohm wrote, “the totality of existence is enfolded within each region of space (and time).”

Pausing from my snow-shoveling grouchery for a few moments in my little region of January cold, I caught a glimpse of blue sky among the ice crystals and saw underneath it to summer, patiently waiting there beside the step to unfold.

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